Xerostomia is defined as a pathological condition characterized by particular and lasting dryness of the mucosa of the mouth resulting from a prolonged absence of saliva production.

The following tips can help alleviate the discomfort caused by xerostomia:

  • Sip drinks frequently, especially during meals; drink at least 1-1.5 liters of liquids and rinse your mouth often. Drinking water or drinks without sugar during meals will facilitate chewing and swallowing. Alternatively, you can hold an ice cube in your mouth to keep the mucosa moist
  • Prefer soft foods, reduced in purée, chopped, reduced in cream, smoothies, enriched with sauces and toppings (such as smoothies, milkshakes, yogurt, fruit and vegetable purée, soft cheeses). These can help alleviate the discomfort and moisten your mouth
  • Eat fresh fruit with a high content of water (such as melon, watermelon, peach)
  • To stimulate saliva production (if there are no ulcers in the mouth) add lemon juice to food and drink
  • Chewing a sugar-free chewing gum or candy can help stimulate saliva production
  • Avoid spicy or salty foods that irritate the mouth
  • Reduce caffeine intake. Therefore, avoid drinks that contain it such as coffee, tea and some fizzy drinks
  • Reduce alcohol intake: it causes irritation and dehydration